CHAPTER 1

Sura 1 

CHAPTER 1

THE OPENINGAL-FĀTIḤAH ( الفاتحة )

7 verses • revealed at Meccan

»The surah that is The Opening to the Quran and the straight way of God. Another common name of the surah is The [Lord’s] Praise (al-Ḥamd). It is seen to be a precise table of contents of the Quranic message and is important in Islamic worship, being an obligatory part of the daily prayer, repeated several times during the day.«

The surah is also known as: The Exordium, The Opening Chapter, The Opening of the Book, The Prologue.

1
بِسمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحمٰنِ الرَّحيمِ

TRANSLITERATION

bi-smi llāhi r-raḥmāni r-raḥīmi

TRANSLATION

In the Name of Allah, the All-beneficent, the All-merciful.

2
الحَمدُ لِلَّهِ رَبِّ العالَمينَ

TRANSLITERATION

al-ḥamdu li-llāhi rabbi l-ʿālamīna

TRANSLATION

All praise belongs to Allah,1Lord of all the worlds,
  • In muslim parlance the phrase al-ḥamdu lillāh also signifies ‘thanks to Allah.’
3
الرَّحمٰنِ الرَّحيمِ

TRANSLITERATION

ar-raḥmāni r-raḥīmi

TRANSLATION

the All-beneficent, the All-merciful,

4
مالِكِ يَومِ الدّينِ

TRANSLITERATION

māliki yawmi d-dīni

TRANSLATION

Master1 of the Day of Retribution.
  • This is in accordance with the reading mālik yawm al-dīn, adopted by ʿĀṣim, al-Kisāʾī, Yaʿqūb al-Ḥaḍramī, and Khalaf. Other authorities of qirāʾah (the art of recitation of the Qurʾān) have read ‘malik yawm al-dīn,’ meaning ‘Sovereign of the Day of Retribution’ (see Muʿjam al-Qirāʾāt al-Qurʾāniyyah). Traditions ascribe both readings to Imam Jaʿfar al-Ṣādiq (ʿa). See al-Qummī, al-ʿAyyāshī, Tafsīr al-Imām al-ʿAskarī.
5
إِيّاكَ نَعبُدُ وَإِيّاكَ نَستَعينُ

TRANSLITERATION

ʾiyyāka naʿbudu wa-ʾiyyāka nastaʿīnu

TRANSLATION

You [alone] do we worship, and to You [alone] do we turn for help.

6
اهدِنَا الصِّراطَ المُستَقيمَ

TRANSLITERATION

ihdinā ṣ-ṣirāṭa l-mustaqīma

TRANSLATION

Guide us on the straight path,

7
صِراطَ الَّذينَ أَنعَمتَ عَلَيهِم غَيرِ المَغضوبِ عَلَيهِم وَلَا الضّالّينَ

TRANSLITERATION

ṣirāṭa lladhīna ʾanʿamta ʿalayhim ghayri l-maghḍūbi ʿalayhim wa-lā ḍ-ḍāllīna

TRANSLATION

the path of those whom You have blessed1—such as2 have not incurred Your wrath,3nor are astray.4
Sura 1 →

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